See the companion article: Be prepared: Emergency Measures
After five nights of complete darkness, the flashing orange lights of three power trucks were a welcome light at the end of the tunnel.
I stopped my car next to a man who shone a massive flashlight into dark woods. He wore the orange coveralls of a linesman with a hardhat and headlamp like a miner.
“When I drove by earlier,” I told him, “a yellow birch was on the lines around the corner.”
“We just cut that and freed the lines,” he replied. “Power should be back on within the hour.”
This happened in January 2018. Since then, in November alone, three power outages have lasted more than 24 hours in Albert County.
Be prepared Winter in Atlantic Canada involves power outages. There’s no way to get around it, particularly in rural areas. There are, however, steps to make the experience easier, safer, more and (dare I say) more enjoyable. For example, a woodstove will give you heat and a means to warm up food and water. Note that some wood furnaces and pellet stoves need electricity to run safely. Although power outages often occur during big storms, they can happen at any time. (Remember, the northeast blackout of August 2003?) Prepare an emergency kit and keep it where you can find it in the dark.
- Drinking water for 72 hours (3 litres per person per day).
- Clean water for washing dishes and hands.
- Non-perishable food for three days and manual can-opener. Include ground coffee or a manual coffee grinder.
- Disposable dishes and napkins.
- Hand sanitizer or handy wipes (particularly important if you cannot boil water).
- Phone numbers of power company, fire department, doctors, insurance company, provincial/municipal Emergency Measures Organization (EMO) and neighbours. You might need to read this by flashlight so write clearly with large letters and numbers.
- Corded phone if you have a landline. Phone lines can go down in storms so a cell phone is valuable as well. Keep batteries charged.
- Cash. ATMs may be down and many businesses can’t use credit or debit cards.
- Medications and first aid kit.
- Eyeglass cleaner. It is difficult to clean glasses well without running hot water.
- Buckets to collect rainwater or snow for flushing toilets and washing. A 10-gallon bucket of snow melts to 1 gallon of water; melting ice is more efficient.
- Playing cards and games.
- Wind-up or battery-powered radio.
- Flashlights with batteries including lantern flashlights to illuminate larger areas and small flashlights for everyone in the house.
- Small butane burner for heating food (outside).
When a storm is approaching, you can take more measures to keep safe and comfortable.
- Fill up bathtubs and buckets with water for flushing toilets and washing.
- Park your car as close to the road as possible (but safe from falling trees/branches).
- Fill up your car tank and jerry cans for generators, chainsaws, barbecues and snowblowers. Gas stations may run out of fuel.
- Charge laptops, cell phones, tablets and rechargeable batteries. An uninterruptible power supply can power various small appliances. If you need access to the Internet, get a data plan for a phone or tablet.
- Make sure you can get out of the house. At our place, nor’easters sometimes drift over the doors. When a storm is forecast, we keep a shovel and snowshoes inside. If the doors are drifted shut, we climb out a window, snowshoe to the door and shovel it out.
- Unplug as many devices as possible and turn down the thermostat. If the power goes out, unplug or turn off breakers for your fridge, freezer, hot water heater and other appliances. A challenge to restoring power is the surge of electrical demand as soon as power comes back. Turn on appliances gradually after power is restored as needed.
- Generators are expensive, heavy and awkward but they can make an outage much more comfortable. The best (but most expensive) option is to have a generator wired into the electrical panel so you can simply switch to generator power. Keep in mind that you need to have fuel on hand but not in the house. To avoid carbon monoxide build-up, you must run a generator outside. Portable generators are a bit trickier to use. When you see one in the store, the wheels may make it look very portable; imagine moving it during a blizzard with high snowdrifts.
* - Don't try to heat your home with a fuel-burning appliance not designed for home heating. While it may be tempting to heat your home with a propane stove or other appliance that is not vented to the outside, the result could be disastrous. Anything that burns fuel (propane, natural gas or kerosene) consumes oxygen and creates carbon monoxide. Carbon monoxide is odourless, colourless and can be deadly!
* - During an extended power outage, please check on your neighbours, particularly elderly neighbours, if it's safe to do so. Not everyone has a generator or alternative source of heat.
*- Do not approach or go near downed power lines as there is no way to know whether a line is energized or not. If you know of a downed power line, report it to NB Power.*
(* Tips from Bob Rochon)
Food safety Power outages can lead to food poisoning. Food in the fridge may last for a day or two without power but it depends on the item and the warmth of the house. When an outage strikes, you can quickly take out the food you need. Put it in a cooler in a cold, protected spot (e.g. car). Avoid opening fridges and freezers but if you do, put a bucket of snow or ice inside. Insulate your freezer with blankets, heavy coats and/or sleeping bags. After an outage or before plugging in a fridge or freezer into a generator, any room-temperature food should be discarded (I composted it but neighbouring pig farmers accepted donations). Although I was taught that you can’t safely re-freeze thawed food, authorities now say that if thawed food (even meat) is cold to the touch, it can be frozen again. The quality, however, may deteriorate. A safe option is to cook thawed food immediately. After the ice storm, I had a medley of thawed produce. My favourite creation was curried butternut squash soup with snow peas and goosetongue greens.
Silver linings A long outage can bring a community together. People with woodstoves open their doors to neighbours without back-up heat. A pick-up truck with a generator in the back is a common sight as people bring generators from neighbour to neighbour, chatting while freezers, fridges and battery chargers get powered. On a snow day, kids are outside making forts and snowmen. During the long outage, a neighbour spent evenings playing games with her kids, who normally had a full schedule of sports and organized activities. Her daughter asked if they could have “family games night” every night.
Silence is another reward. There is no electrical hum, just the sound of the woodstove. Although there is wonderful music the day after an ice storm. Frozen droplets tinkle delicately as they fall onto frozen surfaces. Wind in the trees creates a symphony resembling hundreds of wine glasses clinking as ice-covered branches sway and touch. Percussive crashes are followed by shattering when a branch or tree falls.
A power outage allows us to slow down and focus on what is local and real. It can be a wake-up call – making us aware of our dependence on electricity and the external stimuli provided by TVs, computers, tablets and cellphones. It can make us more grateful for what we often take for granted. After the long outage, I was thrilled to have electricity restored. Running water was a treat: hot water a luxury. A fridge and freezer made life simpler, as did the ability to use the phone, Internet and my computer. A bonus is free firewood: wood from downed trees will keep me warm next winter. Meanwhile, I’m getting more prepared for the next outage.